[Swiftwater Gazette] Global warming email received checked on Snopes
kroposki at att.net
Mon May 22 09:23:19 EDT 2017
Thetext in the above example is a genuine transcript of a 1922 newspaperarticle, an Associated Press account which appeared on page 2 of theWashington Post on 2 November of that year:
Thatarticle in turn was based on information relayed by the Americanconsul in Norway to the U.S. State Department inOctober1922 and published in the Monthly Weather Review:
TheArctic seems to be warming up. Reports from fisherman, seal hunters,and explorers who sail the seas about Spitzbergen and the easternArctic, all point to a radical change in climatic conditions, andhitherto underheard-of high temperatures in that part of the earth’ssurface.
InAugust, 1922, the Norwegian Department of Commerce sent an expeditionto Spitzbergen and Bear Island under the leadership of Dr. AdolfHoel, lecturer on geology at the University of Christiania. Itspurpose was to survey and chart the lands adjacent to the Norwegianmines on those islands, take soundings of the adjacent waters, andmake other oceanographic investigations.
Iceconditions were exceptional. In fact, so little ice has never before been noted. The expedition all but established a record, sailing as
farnorth as 81° 29′ in ice-free water. This is the farthest northever reached with modern oceanographic apparatus.
Thecharacter of the waters of the great polar basic has heretofore beenpractically unknown. Dr. Hoel reports that he made a section of theGulf Stream at 81° north latitude and took soundings to a depth of3,100 meters. These show the Gulf Stream very warm, and it could betraced as a surface current till beyond the 81st parallel. The warmthof the waters makes it probable that the favorable ice conditionswill continue for some time.
Inconnection with Dr. Hoel’s report, it is of interest to note the unusually warm summer in Arctic Norway and the observations of Capt.Martin Ingebrigsten, who has sailed the eastern Arctic for 54 yearspast. He says that he first noted warmer conditions in 1918, thatsince that time it has steadily gotten warmer, and that to-day theArctic of that region is not recognizable as the same region of 1868to 1917.
Manyold landmarks are so changed as to be unrecognizable. Where formerlygreat masses of ice were found, there are now often moraines, accumulations of earth and stones. At many points where glaciers formerly extended far into the sea they have entirely disappeared.---- // ----
Asinteresting as this nearly century-old article might be from a modernperspective, however, it isn’t substantive evidence either for oragainst the concept of anthropogenic global warming. As documentedelsewhere, the warming phenomena observed in 1922 proved to beindicative only of a local event in Spitzbergen, not a trendapplicable to the Arctic as a whole.
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